Autism file: Northern Ireland

Autism Statistics in Northern Ireland

statistics.jpg

Autism is one of the most common developmental disabilities in Northern Ireland. Autism is lifelong and the exact cause is still being investigated. At present there is no known cure for Autism; however, there are a range of interventions that can help individuals reach their full potential.

 

This website offers useful info on ASD:

Autism is a lifelong disability which affects the social and communication centre of the brain. Autism affects the way an individual relates to people, situations and the immediate environment. Many inidividuals with Autism have difficulty processing everyday sensory information. They can experience hyper(over) and hypo(under) sensitivity to sight, smells, touch, tastes ad sounds.

The term Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is used because Autism varies from person to person. Around 25% of people with ASD will have an accompanying learning disability. Many individuals with ASD will have average or above average intelligence, they are likely to be diagnosed with ASD, high functioning Autism or Aspergers Syndrome. Regardless of an individual’s level of functioning, all individuals with an Autism Spectrum Disorder will have problems in the areas of Social Communication, Social Skills and Social Imagination.

Asperger’s Syndrome has been described as “high functioning Autism”.

People with Asperger’s Syndrome may not have a learning disability; Asperger’s Syndrome may not become obvious until a child is older. Indeed some people can go through their whole lives having Asperger’s Syndrome and not receive a diagnosis until they are in their 40’s or older.

Hans Asperger identified Asperger’s Syndrome in the 1940’s; however, it only became widely known and researched in the 1980’s when Dr Lorna Wing gave comprehensive accounts of 34 cases.

Dr Wing described the main clinical features of Asperger’s Syndrome to be:

  • Lack of empathy.
  • Naive, inappropriate one sided interactions.
  • Little or no ability to form friendships.
  • Pedantic or repetitive speech.
  • Poor non verbal communication.
  • Intense absorption in certain subjects.
  • Clumsy and ill coordinated movements and odd postures.

People with Asperger’s Syndrome can go on to achieve a lot of things; they may have above average intelligence, they may go on to university, have a job, a family. Some people with Asperger’s Syndrome have gone on to become professors, world experts in their chosen field; an example of this is Professor Temple Grandin.

 

Check out her website at www.templegrandin.com

 

Statistics

statistics.jpg

Autism is one of the most common developmental disabilities in Northern Ireland. Autism is life-long and the exact cause is still being investigated.

Autism is not caused by poor parenting or social circumstances.

At present there is no known cure for Autism; however, there are a range of interventions that can help individuals reach their full potential.

This is relevant:

 

GP leaflet

  • More than 300 children in Northern Ireland are diagnosed with Autism every year.

  • Rates of children being diagnosed have quadrupled since 2002.

  • Autism affects four times more males than females.

  • Around 25% of individuals with Autism have an accompanying Learning Disability.

About Adriana Butnariu

http://about.me/adriana.butnariu
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